What Perennial Flowers You Should Grow Now?

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Perennial Flowers

Even though plants have been around for hundreds of millions of years, some perennial species only began to appear about 20 million years ago. The oldest living perennials are members of the iris family. These plants flower in early spring and early summer and have large leaves with narrow, toothed edges. In the wild, iris grow in meadows and along streams.
Some perennials like yarrow, delphinium, and foxgloves look very exotic and old-fashioned. Others such as lavender, foxgloves, and peonies are very modern.

Perennials are attractive because they flower continuously from spring to fall. Semi-evergreen perennials, such as azaleas and rhododendrons, keep their leaves in winter, but only for part of the year. Evergreen perennials, including Boston ivy, box, yew, holly, and rhododendron, keep their leaves all year.

They are easy to grow and come in a wide range of sizes and colors. They are particularly good at attracting bees and other insects, and birds feed on them. Also, most perennials are native to North America, so their natural habitats are protected.

Perennials are easy to grow from seed, cuttings, or division. There are two main methods: dividing existing plants and sowing seed between rows, in pots, or special seed trays.


Gardening with Perennials

The most successful perennial planting requires choosing the right plant for the right place. Assess your site including soil type, how moisture-retentive it is, the amount of sun or shade the area gets, and how exposed it is to the wind. There are perennial plants for absolutely every situation. Matchmaking their growing preferences to your site means they should thrive for many years. For a long-lasting show, choose plants that bloom at different times of the year and blend them with shrubs, ornamental grasses, and perennials.


Best Time to Plant Perennials

Planting hardy perennials in the autumn is perfect since the soil is still warm and the plants can create a robust root system in time for spring. It's better to grow plants that aren't reliably hardy during this season so they have plenty of time to establish before the winter arrives.

Hardy perennials can be planted in the winter in moderate climates unless the ground is frozen or waterlogged. It's preferable to wait until after the last frost in cool locations, however many perennials can handle a little frost.

Annuals are preferable to perennials since they return year after year, making them more cost-effective to plant and maintain. Most don't care about the type of soil; however, they do prefer well-drained, moist, and productive soil. Planting near trees, bushes, or other perennials will result in water and nutrient competition.


Perennials: How to Plant

Prepare the ground properly by adding enough well-rotted organic matter or a soil conditioner to the soil. Large stones should be removed, as should any weeds, especially perennial weed roots. Dig a hole somewhat larger than the root ball if the plant is large. The most crucial thing is to ensure that there is no pot present, that the earth surrounding it is hard, and that there is no air pocket at the bottom.


The 12 Best Perennials to Cultivate

Here's our pick of the top 12 perennials to cultivate and how to care for them.

  • Oriental poppy, Papaver Orientale

Perennial flowers are an excellent choice for the back of the border, the edges of lawns, and naturalized areas. Oriental poppies bear enormous, showy blooms in spring and early summer, followed by decorative seed heads. Colors include pink, red, coral, and white, mostly with contrasting black centers.


  • Spurge, Euphorbia

If you want a garden that doesn't need to be replanted every year, Euphorbias are a good choice. Euphorbias are plants that last for months. They can be found in different colors and they make a nice decoration. Euphorbias give long-lasting interest with a combination of attractive, architectural foliage and bold heads of ‘flowers’ in colors such as lime, yellow and orange-red.


  • Cranesbill, Geranium

Geraniums are superb for border fronts, raised beds, and underplanting larger plants. Most flower in summer and the flowering period varies hugely. ‘Rozanne’ is an outstanding variety that blooms for many months. Hardy herbaceous geraniums mustn't be confused with frost-tender pelargoniums, widely used for summer pots. Although many species survive in the darkness, the majority prefer the sun.


  • Daylilies, Hemerocallis
Daylilies, which have colorful flowers borne in clusters, usually produce a good display over several weeks in summer. They need to be grown in full sun and fertile, well-drained soil. Daylilies have colorful, lily-like open trumpet blooms borne in clusters on sturdy stems. Individual blooms last only for a day but are produced in profusion to give a good display over many weeks. Grow in fertile, well-drained soil in full sun. A wide color range includes yellow, orange, and red.

  • Heuchera
Heucheras are known for their foliage interest in neat clumps in an exceptional selection of colors, including lime-green, yellow, purple, and orange. They also have slender spires of white flowers in summer, but the foliage is the strong point. Grow them in sun or part shade.


  • Ice plant, Hylotelephium Spectabile
Perennial flowers such as ice plants provide color in late summer and are attractive to bees and butterflies. It bears large, flat heads composed of many tiny bloom stalks in shades of pink and red. Ice plants may be grown as an annual if planted in the fall. It grows in full shade with moist soil.


  •  Primroses, Primula
Primroses are a type of flower that is often found in gardens. Primroses are prized for their early flowers. One of the Latin names for primrose is “prima rosa”, which means “first rose”. Some varieties grow in damp soil.


  • Iris
Perennial flowers have been popular in gardens for centuries. Moist soil is a necessity for moisture-loving iris, while dwarf iris works well in raised beds and rockeries. Most iris bloom in summer. Some irises grow in moist soil, others do well near a pond or stream, and some grow in the garden. All of them have beautiful flowers.


  • Lupin
Perennial flowers are flowers that live for more than two seasons, unlike annuals which only live for one season. Lupin is an old favorite perennial flower known for tall vertical flower spikes clad with many little, colorful blooms in summer. Lupin is a perennial flower with flowers that range from pink to blue.


  • Bee balm, Monarda

The bee balm plant forms good-sized clumps of sturdy stems topped with showy red or pink flowers in summer. These bold perennial forms good-sized clumps of sturdy stems topped with showy red or pink flowers in summer. Bee balm bears showy red or pink flowers. Pollinating insects seem to love their blooms.


  • Elephant’s ears, Bergenia
Bergenia, also known as hardy Bergenia, is an evergreen perennial ground cover with large rounded leaves and clusters of pink, white or purple flowers borne in late winter and early spring. They are also known as elephants’ ears due to their shape and size.


  • Delphinium
Delphinium is a perennial flower with many strikingly beautiful flowers. It bears tall stems clothed with many strikingly beautiful flowers, which open over time from bottom to top so the plant gives color for many weeks. Delphinium bears variously colored flowers. These flowers are attractive to snails and slugs, which can be protected with barrier granules or an environmentally friendly bait. Grow in sun or part shade.


Caring Tips for Perennials

  1. When temperatures rise in late spring, you should fertilize and mulch your perennials.

  2. Perennial flowers tend to grow tall and require support at the beginning of the growing season.

  3. Keep the surrounding ground free of weeds during the spring and summer months.

  4. Remove dead and faded blooms to extend the blossoming season and keep plants looking nice.

  5. Cut down fleshy-leaved perennials as soon as they die back in the autumn; otherwise, the leaves will become damp and decay.

  6. Keep evergreen perennials clean by removing dead or tatty leaves and faded flower stems regularly

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